AI- The Trick Up Our Sleeves in the Fight Against Global Warming
Earlier this month a report by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scientist believe that 1.5C will be reached by 2040, 10 years earlier than previously predicted, and it may even happen earlier if emissions aren’t cut down in the coming years. What does a temperature rise of 1.5C mean? Well, more extreme weather - heat waves, droughts, floods, and tropical cyclones, displacement due to the rising sea levels and melting arctic. These changes are inevitable according to the report after accessing all scenarios.
On a less “Humanity is doomed” note, artificial intelligence has been helping the fight to mitigate these effects. An international team of researchers led by the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) and The Alan Turing Institute have created a new artificial intelligence tool called IceNet to allow for a more accurate forecast into the Arctic seas ice condition aim to mitigate the impact on arctic wildlife and coastal communities affected by sea ice loss. IceNet is almost 95% accurate in predicting whether sea ice will be present in a couple of months. IceNet system is based on deep learning, so the system is trained on thousands of years of climate simulation data, accompanied by decades of observational data.
Another artificial intelligence lead system helping to fight against climate change is BrainBox AI, built by a Montreal based start-up company, to reduce the overall energy consumption in an office tower and other big buildings by optimising the existing heating and cooling systems, with large buildings contributing to 20% of global emissions, BrainBox AI works is when connected to the building it analyses and adjusts the existing heating and cooling systems automatically, not just reducing energy use but costs as well.
With more money being pumped into artificial intelligence research, I believe more technologies like these will be created to add to our arsenal in the fight against global warming.
Thumbnail Credit- Focus on Africa